There are over 78,000 prisoners in England and Wales (approximately 4,800 held in the Welsh prison estate) with around 220,000 offenders on probation (National Statistics, 2021). Research has consistently shown that the prison population are at greater risk of have a diagnosable mental health condition, substance misuse disorder, blood borne viruses and poor physical health.

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Prison Health in Wales

Public Health Wales

Understanding the prevalence of adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) in a male offender population in Wales: The Prisoner ACE Survey

Public Health Wales

Mental health in prisons

National Audit Office

Health in prisons: fact sheets for 38 European countries

World Health Organization

Health in prisons: A WHO guide to the essentials in prison health

World Health Organization

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